Calculus means small pebbles in Latin. A quick search would tell you that calculus is the study of change. That definition does not help us understand it much. So beGalileo, put forth a simpler explanation for all who have been curious about what calculus is all about.
First a few questions to ponder.
To measure this straight line, you would use a refrence of . So, how many of such fit on this line. But, what if you have ?
You would have learnt the Area of a rectangle ?
The base is l. Imagine the l dragged through a width of b. We get the region – its area would be l x b.
What about the area of ?
Again, area of is l x b.
If I stack similar rectangles to a height ‘h’, I get a cuboid of Volume h x Area.
Similarly, if I stack up circles of the same size, I get a cylinder. So the Volume of the cylinder is π r 2 h.
But what if, the circles are not of all the same size, I would get .
Now, let us look at each of the problems again.
Recall that calculus means tiny pebbles. Instead of using , if we were to use really really small pebbles – small parts – to measure. Then it wouldn’t matter that it is curve.
Similarly for the hemisphere, if we were to have circles that differs tiny weeny bit in area and then we have some way to add them up. Now that is what the calculus is all about – about splitting change in to the tiniest possible slices. So as to make it possible to work on non-uniform change and also to know what happens at one particular point during the change.
There is also another way to look at it.
Remember the symbol sigma , that you might have learnt when learning about averages. It is a symbol to add up. So, if you say it means you add up 10 separate things named x1, x2, x3. For example,it may add up your marks in ten subjects. Each mark is a separate, discrete** value. sums up discrete values.
If we want to sigma up stuff that are continuous** that’s when we have calculus.
You would start learning Calculus in school in Grade XI . You would mainly learn two aspects of Calculus.
Soon you would start using it in different subjects especially Physics and Economics.
As in most topics of Math, lack of familiarity and a preconceived notion of difficulty has given Calculus the image of a complex and difficult topic, which is not so. Hope this article made Calculus less of a stranger, a possible friend.
**discrete vs continuous : discrete quantities can be “counted” while continuous quantities are “measured”.