Our ancestors knew numbers in the form of more or less, to measure the objects or materials they had. This knowledge had led to the concept of “Counting”. Many other civilisations have come up with their way of representing numbers and methods of counting. Of all, the modern method of numbers or the Hindu-Arabic numerals took its stand globally.

Counting is the process of determining the number of elements in a set of objects. Counting will always result in either zero or a positive number. The traditional way of counting consists of continually increasing a counter by a unit for every element of the set.